no. 4

  • Harold Bloom’s Late Appreciative Criticism and Aesthetic Return

    Author:Xinggang Shen

    Abstract: Harold Bloom was a core member of the Yale School of deconstruction in the United States, and his theory of the anxiety of influence is extremely insightful. Since the 1990s, Western modern literary criticism has been limited by politicization, historicization and gendered orientation. Therefore, Bloom returns to l...

    Column:Cultural Studies   001-012   Details

  • Constructing German National Identity within the Language Community: On the Political Significance of Klopstock’s Poetic Thoughts

    Author:Lu Zheng

    Abstract: The 18th-century German writer Klopstock proposed relevant suggestions on orthography in his poetic writings. He pointed out that German words should be spelled according to phonetic rules and the principle of frugality. In addition, based on the pronunciation features of German language, Klopstock modified the epic rhythm rules originated from ancient Greece, which achieved the coordination and unity between the poetic form and content, and thus promoted the national and innovative development of German literature. Meanwhile, he advocated reciting poetry in public places. Starting from the perspective of reception aesthetics, he used the sound of poetry to establish patriotic emotional resonance with the audience. Through standardizing the language and localizing the poetic rhythm, Klopstock aimed to build a language community that conforms to the national characteristics and construct German national identity at the cultural level.

    Column:Cultural Studies   013-025   Details

  • A General Study on the Identity of the Middle-class White Males in American Suburban Novels

    Author:Wenping Gan, Ke Lu

    Abstract: The criticism of American literature, having experienced such big “turns” as the “linguistic turn”, “cultural turn”, “ethical turn” and “spatial turn”, witnesses its research on the American Suburban Novels. Three books published in the 21st century concentrate their studies on the identity of the middle-class white males and the trajectory of their identity change. First, the white males’ identity crisis is characterized by the spiritual and cultural poverty. Then, the white males in the complicated social and historical environment ponder how to get out of the crisis. Last, the white males try to get rid of their identity crisis and reconstruct their identity through sharing the living space with the strangers. These three phases constitute a causal and progressive relationship, and construct a panoramic picture for the study of the American middle-class white ide

    Column:Cultural Studies   026-036   Details

  • Reason or Emotion: On "Justice" in Atonement

    Author:Xiaolin Zhang, Xi Xi

    Abstract: Justice is the value that human society has been striving to realize since ancient times. It encompasses man’s vision of a good society. British contemporary novelist Ian McEwan, in his 2001 novel Atonement, shows his concern and exploration of the issue of “justice” in many aspects. Through presenting the suffering of good peopl...

    Column:Literature Studies   037-049   Details

  • Discipline and Resistance: Interpretation on The Human Stain from Disciplinary Theory

    Author:Meiling Zuo

    Abstract: Renowned Jewish American writer Philip Roth has a penetrating insight into the malaise of American society. The final installment of his “American Trilogy,” The Human Stain, offers a profound depiction of the racial conflicts and political hypocrisy within American society. This thesis interp...

    Column:Literature Studies   050-058   Details

  • Heterotopia Writing in God Help the Child

    Author:Qianlu Zhang

    Abstract: Contemporary African-American female writer Toni Morrison, in her final novel God Help the Child, applies the spatial narrative strategy to profoundly depict the marginal situation of many victims of childhood trauma in heterogeneous space. With the help of three different types of Foucauldian heterotopias, namely crisis, deviation and i...

    Column:Literature Studies   059-068   Details

  • On the Indeterminacy of the Significance of Sea in Lord of the Flies

    Author:Zhe Zhang, Xiaoyan Huang

    Abstract: The sea assumes a fundamental role in the construction of geographical ecology, social ecology and spiritual ecology in Lord of the Flies. Through sea writing, William Golding intricately weaves the disparities in geographical cognition, the evolution of social civilization, and the variations in human nature i...

    Column:Literature Studies   069-078   Details

  • The Development of Translation Technology in the Era of ChatGPT and Its Implications

    Author:Huashu Wang,Ya Xie

    Abstract: As the ChatGPT technology develops, an unprecedented revolution is being experienced in the field of translation. Considering the general background of ChatGPT technology, this article examines the development trend of translation technologies in the new era and their application in translation practice. It explores the profound impact of these technologies on translation education, which includes changes in teaching and learning styles. The article also discusses how these new technologies are promoting the development of translation research, providing fresh perspectives and methods. It concludes

    Column:Translation Technology and Education in the ChatGPT Era   080-089   Details

  • Exploring the Value Spaces of Human Translation in the ChatGPT Era and the Transitions Needed for Translation Education

    Author:An Du

    Abstract: So far, the outstanding translation performance exhibited by artificial general intelligence (AGI) like ChatGPT has been arousing a wide-ranging discussion in and out of the translation field, and it is not rare to feel an air of concern about the prospects of human translation as well as translation education. Against this backdrop, this article begins with an introduction to the AGI’s mechanism of contextualized generation, and then analyzes the limitations of ChatGPT-like automatic translation in realizing the ideational, interpersonal and textual meta-functions as required in translation as a meaning-making ...

    Column:Translation Technology and Education in the ChatGPT Era   090-103   Details

  • From Interpersonal Ethics to Human-Machine Ethics: An Exploration Into Translation Ethics in the Era of ChatGPT

    Author:Chengzhi Zhang,Chunliang Zhang

    Abstract: Since its launch at the end of November 2022, ChatGPT has become popular worldwide and has been widely used in translation practice, teaching, and research. This study reviews the development and evolution of translation ethics, analyzes the ethical risks posed by ChatGPT in terms of creativity, translator subjectivity, and data security, and proposes the establishment of a sound regulatory mechanism, the enhancement of translators’ technological ethics literacy, the training of searching quotient and inquiry quotient, and the construction of a healthy human-machine ethical environment to achieve ethical governance of technology.

    Column:Translation Technology and Education in the ChatGPT Era   104-112   Details

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